Articles tagged with: war and conflict

Jan14

The War as Moral Experience in Wittgenstein’s Secret Diary

Categories // Human rights, War and culture, War and conflict

by Patrizia Piredda

When he stopped his studies of engineering in Manchester, Wittgenstein moved to Cambridge to study logic under the guidance of Bertrand Russell because he believed that by comprehending the fundamentals of language, and therefore the limits of language, he would understand its essence,   as well as that of human beings, in primis, himself. 

For Wittgenstein, knowing oneself was indispensable because only the man who knows himself can improve himself and become morally decent. When World War I broke out, Wittgenstein volunteered in the Austrian Army because he trusted “the fact that the experience of war would permit him to understand, beyond any fiction and illusion, who – which kind of man, so to say, – he really was. Thus, it was clarity and truth about himself that Wittgenstein expected from the war” (Perissinotto 13).

Jul08

What does ‘proximity’ mean for local interpreters working in zones of conflict?

María Manuela Fernández Sánchez

What does ‘proximity’ mean for local interpreters working in zones of conflict?

In this article María Manuela Fernández Sánchez gives us insights from her conversation with Spanish photographer and journalist Gervasio Sánchez, talking about his relationship with his interpreter in Iraq, Flayed Al Mayali, who was arrested by Spanish authorities for an attack on the Spanish military which occurred in November 2003:

Few professions have such discriminatory stereotypes as translators and interpreters. Very sadly, the Italian cliché traduttore, traditore is still thought to be true by many people. Nevertheless, both translators and interpreters have also contributed to the persistence of these stereotypes. 

The image was published in this article by abc.es in 2013.

Apr30

Reading War Photographs: Who is the photographer?

Categories // Human rights, Refugees and asylum seekers, War and culture, War crimes, Justice and punishment, Conflict resolution, War and conflict

María Manuela Fernández Sánchez

Reading War Photographs: Who is the photographer?

In an interview published in the newspaper El País (April 17, 2015), José Palazón, president of the nongovernmental organization “Prodein”, and winner of the XVIII Luis Valtueña Humanitarian Photography Award, remembers a conversation that he had with a prosecutor, twenty years ago, when he was denouncing the abuses against immigrants in Melilla, the Spanish enclave on the North African coast. Palazón complained that his efforts to gain visibility were not getting anywhere, to which the prosecutor replied: “Look for evidences. Take photographs”. Since then, it seems that Palazón has learned his lesson and the photograph “Desolate landscapes”, which he submitted to the Luis Valtueña photography competition has travelled around the world.

 

The full text is followed by a brief biography of the author.

Original versions of these photos can be found here:

 

Verne El Pais

The Guardian

Caesar photos: inside Syrian authorities' prisons

 

 

 

Mar20

War and the Humanities: an introduction to Close Encounters in War

by Simona Tobia and Gianluca Cinelli

War and the Humanities: an introduction to Close Encounters in War

Ancient Romans used to say “si vis pacem, para bellum”, which one could rephrase as “if you want peace, prepare for war”. War has always been much more than mere fighting. It affects society as a whole even in peacetime, for example in terms of training, preparation and strategy. Carl von Clausewitz wrote that war is the “continuation of politics by other means”, meaning that war implies some transformation of mentality and the awareness that sometimes dialogue and compromise are not enough to compose litigation between two countries o two communities. However, war is no necessity.

(Image from Robert Capa: Definitive Collection)

Mar11

Interrogation in WW2: any lessons learned?

by Simona Tobia

Terrorists kidnapping relief workers and journalists, terrorists publishing videos of horrible executions by decapitation and even burning, terrorists wiping out principles such as the freedom of the press and satire in the heart of the West in Paris, while stories of westerners joining the fight on the IS side are profusely present in the news. The ‘war on terror’, far from over, is raging, and it continues to be depicted by Western media and political authorities as a ‘just war’ fought against a heinous enemy.

Normandy landings

Troups marching in France

General Bernard Montgomery

Pilots in World War II