Articles tagged with: WW2

Oct04

A fatal encounter in war. A case of impact of PTSD on civilians in Christopher Nolan’s "Dunkirk"

Categories // Human rights

by Gianluca Cinelli

Evacuation from Dunkirk

Dunkirk tells a story of flight rather than fight. Between the end of May and the early days of June 1940 about 400.000 encircled British and French soldiers were evacuated in a few days from the beaches of Dunkerque, in northern France. Every available ship was employed for the rescue, including a number of private yachts and fishing boats. In the movie the crew of one of these private yachts play a major role, and their story suggests these few lines of reflection about a case of lethal encounter between combatants and civilians.

 

May22

Land of mine: an Ethical Example of Wisdom and Empathic Rationality

Categories // POWs, Meeting the other, Justice and punishment

By Patrizia Piredda

Land of mine: an Ethical Example of Wisdom and Empathic Rationality

Any violent act begets revenge when the agent believes that only by means of punishment grounded on the principle of an eye for an eye it is possible to act by justice and to restore peace. These ethical reflections are once more expressed in Land of Mine, a historical movie from 2015, directed by Martin Zandvliet and nominated for the Best Foreign Language Film at the Academy Awards in 2017.

Aug31

Encountering violence and crimes in autobiographical narratives of Operation “Barbarossa”

Categories // War crimes

Gianluca Cinelli

Encountering violence and crimes in autobiographical narratives of Operation “Barbarossa”

On 22nd June 1941, the German armies overcame the Russian resistance on the river Bug and started to penetrate in depth in Russia in a drunken state of exaltation. The encounter with war was, according to published memoirs that account for those events, first of all an exploration of an unknown, hostile land. Passing from a victory to another, German soldiers advanced in a state of exaltation and self-confidence. Soon enough, though, the war became brutal: the campaign was not like the former ones in Poland and France: the loss were high and a general crisis of the Wehrmacht was avoided only by pouring more and more replacements in the decimated ranks. The first impact with such a brutal war of annihilation consisted in encountering the huge mass of Soviet POWs, in a horrific scene that recurs in many a narrative. It is rare to come across allegations directly written in diaries or memoirs. In general, the soldiers found it disturbing to show themselves in the garb of brutal and insensible killers, especially because they were fighting in a war largely justified by ideological hatred and contempt for the enemy, as well as by racial prejudice.

Normandy landings

Troups marching in France

General Bernard Montgomery

Pilots in World War II